Ernő Rubik (born July 13, 1944) is a Hungarian Inventor, sculptor, and professor of architecture. He is best known for the invention of mechanical puzzle including Rubik’s Cube. The Cube name originally was “Magic Cube” and has been puzzling the world since the 1970's with 350 millions Rubik’s Cube bought by the fans. In a classic Rubik's Cube, each of the six faces is covered by 9 stickers of six solid colours (traditionally white, red, blue , orange, green and yellow). A pivot mechanism enables each face to turn independently, thus mixing up the colours. For the puzzle to be solved, each face must be a solid colour. Similar puzzles have now been produced with various numbers of stickers, not all of them by Rubik. The original 3×3×3 version celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary in 2005. National and international ‘speedcubing’ championships have been held regularly since 2003. In May 2007, Thibaut Jacquinot of France became the first person to complete the Cube in under 10 seconds in open competition, setting a world record time of 9.86 seconds. The current world record for a single solve was set by Erik Akkersdijk at the 2008 Czech Open with a time of 7.08 seconds. The speed Cubing Championships were held in Budapest in October 2007 and were attended by Ernő Rubik himself.
more about the Cube http://www.rubiks.com/
(March 24, 1874 – October 31, 1926, born as Erik Weisz) Harry Houdini was born in Budapest, Hungary in a Jewish family. A copy of his birth certificate was found and published in The Houdini Birth Research Committee's Report. (1972). As to his birth date, from 1907 onwards, Houdini claimed in interviews to have been born in Appleton, Wisconsin, on April 6, 1874. He was really born on March 24, 1874.
more about Houdini: http://www.magictricks.com/houdini/
Ferenc Puskás - aka Pancho - was born on the 2nd of April 1927 (– 17 November 2006) and he was the greatest Hungarian football player and coach who is also regarded as one of the greatest footballers of all time. He was voted one of the greatest players of the 20th century by World Soccer magazine. Writing worthwhile about Ferenc Puskas is quite impossible and highlighting from his bibliography is unnecessary. Puskas is the best known Hungarian person all around the world. You can be in Amazonas or on the Chinese Great Wall if you ask somebody what he knows about Hungary I can bet you that the most common answer will be the Puskas.
more about Puskas: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qU7LzHoCspU&feature=fvst
Edward Teller (January 15, 1908 – September 9, 2003) was a Jewish Hungarian-American theoretical physics. He is known as the “father of the nuclear bomb” even though he was not… He was working on the American nuclear program, specifically as a member of the Manhattan Project during World War II. Active in the research that developed the atomic bomb, Teller went on to work on the more powerful hydrogen bomb, first tested in 1952. In the 1980s he was a supporter of President Ronald Reagen’s Strategic Defense Initiative, a protective weapons plan that was later ultimately abandoned. During the 1990s Teller continued to do research and lecture, maintaining his arguments for a strong U.S. defense. He could come home to Hungary in 1990 after the political system change.
just few more genius people and inventions from Budapest and Hungary - their story is coming soon on underguide.com -
• ZsaZsa Gabor, Kalman Kando, Lorand Eotvos, Judit Polgár, Albert Szent-Györgyi, Tom Lantos, George Soros, Bela Bartok, Zoltan Kodaly, the 'gömböc', the matches, ….
Hungarians pronounce Budapest as Budapesht, reading the "s" as an "sh," which is the way the letter is read according to Hungarian orthography. Fascinate your local mates with the correct Hungarian pronunciation.
In this region the very first town was built by the Celtics in the I. century BC. The first Celtic name of the town Al-ink (“Abundant Water”) meant rich in spring water. It was later occupied by the Roman settlers who constructed roads, amphitheaters, baths and houses with heated floors in this fortified military camp. Their influence can still be felt: they found the sun-drenched gentle slopes perfect for grape vines, and began what is now a huge viticulture industry. They also introduced modern architectural techniques (columns, stone, plaster, arches and so on) that can be viewed to this day. The Romans, famous for their love of baths, also made use of the abundant thermal springs that lie under the city: they created the very first public baths, a now world-famous feature of Budapest. During Roman times, Budapest was known as Aquincum.
In the early Árpád ages was founded Buda in the place of Aquincum. Some medieval chronicles mention that it was named after the brother of Attila the Hun but according to another hypothesis the city name comes from the Slav voda (water) word.
In Budapest many bunkers and tunnel were constructed during the last centuries. Many of them are not opened for the public or even not mentioned in the history books or the guide books. The best you can do is to think about it when you wander around town that there are tunnels or bunkers next to the City Park under the Felvonulási Square, under the fabulous Andrássy Avenue, the Castle District, the Gellért Hill and certain parts of the River Danube as well.
The labyrinth system under the Castle was created during the Middle Ages when the Turkish Empire besieged the Hungarian Kingdom and can be visited at these days – link. During decades it was used as a military base and also as a Hospital during the 2nd World War.
On the other side of the Danube, the major part of Pest was planed systematically at the end of the 19th Century for the millennium celebration. If you look at the map you can notice that there are 3 main Boulevard and plenty of smaller ones - originally it was planned to be a canal area like in Venice. Nowadays we can still find the hidden, underground canal system but there is no way to visit it officially... During the Middle Ages in the main market - just next to the Freedom Bridge on the Pest side – the goods were transported in these canals to the market.
Despite of the public belief the Fisherman’s Bastion was built in the beginning of the 20th century for the excellent panoramic view and never served for any other function. The origin of the name has 2 historical rumours. One of these says that the name comes from the guild of fishermen that was responsible for defending this stretch of the city walls or the other that the fish market was next to the Bastion and the fishermen dock in the Danube under the bastion. The monument has been a part of UNESCO's World Heritage since 1988. The seven towers represent the seven Magyar tribes that settled in the Carpathian Basin in 896. The Fisherman’s Bastion is today a popular touristic attraction of The Buda Castle where, depending of the season, they may charge an entrance to the terrace.
There are more than 15 universities in Budapest but, as there is no Campus, the students of Unis are scattered all over the city. Several Hungarian universities are very popular among foreigner students – especially Vet and Medical formations - but the one that belongs to the top 100 universities of the world is Eötvös Lórand Science University.
Universities of Hungary